Some historians believe the 12 gemstones on the breastplate of Aaron represent the 12 tribes of Israel – and the 12 signs of the zodiac are said to offer special powers to its wearers. In 1912, the National Association of Jewelers in the US published a list of birthstones. Below is a description of the birthstone for each month and some fun facts about each stone.
The garnet is the traditional birthstone for the month of January. Garnets come in such colors as red, deep purplish pink, yellow, orange and green. Garnets symbolize friendship and trust – and is also believed to protect travelers.
Amethyst is the birthstone for this month. It comes in a wide variety of shades of lavender. The lovely stone represents serenity, loyalty, and courage.
Aquamarine symbolizes people born in March. The stone comes in colors ranging from light blue to deep blue and bluish green. Aquamarines have been said to bring youth, hope, and love to a person’s life.
The diamond is the birthstone for April. Diamonds come in almost every color possible. The white diamond remains the traditional favorite color, however. Diamonds symbolize marriage, love, and courage.
May’s birthstone is the emerald. The lovely green stone comes in pastel to deep green. The stone represents rebirth, youth, and good luck, according to traditional beliefs.
The birthstone for June is the pearl. Alexandrite is also a birthstone choice for June babies. Pearls come in such colors as white, cream, and black. Alexandrite appears either purple or green, depending on the lighting.
The ruby remains the traditional birthstone for July. Rubies are associated with wealth and passion. People used to wear rubies for protection against evil. Rubies are red and members of the corundum family of stones.
Peridot is the birthstone for August. This stone ranges from light yellow-green to lime green. Peridot gems used to be used to guard against evil spells and bad dreams.
Sapphires are the birthstone for September. Sapphires come in nearly any color except red. In the Middle Ages, people believed that sapphires protected people from harm and represented heaven and faith.
Tourmaline and opals are the birthstones for October. Opals are rather soft, multicolored gems with fire. Tourmaline comes in a lovely pink color as well as in yellow, green and black colors. Opals are either very lucky or very unlucky, depending on what you believe. Tourmaline has been traditionally said to enhance creativity.
The yellow topaz or citrine is the birthstone for November. Or – you can pick the color of topaz you prefer to symbolize the birthday in November. Topaz tends to be more expensive than citrine. Golden topaz is said to attract wealth and give good eyesight.
The month of December is represented by the tanzanite, blue topaz, and blue zircon gems. Zircons are said to relieve pain and boost a person’s appetite.
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